Follow-up of transport policy objectives 2017
In this report, Transport Analysis analyses the current state of the transport system in terms of the government's specifications. Transport Analysis also presents its assessments as to how the state has changed in terms of these specifications.
This year’s follow-up includes several positive observations. Accessibility is improving throughout the country, including some improvement for people with functional disabilities. The number of those injured or killed in traffic accidents continues to decline, as do emissions of greenhouse gases from domestic transport. Value-added in the transport industry is increasing, and the means available to access work and consume goods and services without transportation are improving throughout the country.
However, non-internalised costs persist for all types of traffic and transport, counteracting both the socio-economically optimum transport volume and the optimum distribution of mileage among types of traffic. The transportation system still causes hundreds of premature fatalities, both in accidents and as a result of noise and air pollution. The impact of transport on plant and animal life is diminishing only slowly.
Finally, there are several indications that accessibility is not improving most where it is lowest, and that differences in accessibility between regions are instead tending to increase somewhat over time.
Because some key indicators have trended negatively the overall assessment is that the transportation system has not progressed towards the overall transport policy objective, but that certain aspects have diverged from the objective.